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Event date: 11/10/2020 Export event

Learn How to Map the Urban Heat Island Effect with ARSET this November

Authors: Jonathan O’Brien, Sean Mccartney and Ana Prados (NASA)

Heat stress accounts for more than 600 deaths in the US annually (CDC). This problem is especially prevalent in urbanized areas. Why do more people per capita die of heat in the city than outside of it? There is an artificial weather phenomenon you may have heard about called the “urban heat island” effect. In essence, the effect is just as the name implies, an island of heat in urban areas. This is due to the impervious surfaces (e.g. paved roads, parking lots, and roofs) that cities are comprised of. These surfaces are especially good at trapping heat, but not so good at letting it go. Because of the way these surfaces trap heat, the ambient temperature in the city will often be higher than the surrounding areas, with the greatest difference in temperature occurring at night. This is important to note, since heat stroke susceptibility is dependent not just on the ambient temperature, but also a person’s ability to cool down effectively at night so their body can recover. This is one of the reasons the urban heat island effect is so dangerous.

An interesting fact is that satellites can observe the urban heat island from space by estimating the land surface temperature (LST). Land surface temperature is not the same as ambient temperature, and variations occur depending on the time of observation, but it is frequently used as a proxy for ambient temperature. If the surface of a stove is hot, it’s a good bet that whatever is sitting on top of it is pretty toasty too. To further refine the analysis, field temperature readings are usually collected by boots on the ground to validate and supplement the data collected from space. With these satellite observations we can create a temperature map of the city and the surrounding areas. These maps can be especially useful when paired with other data such as surface type or land cover and human data such as socioeconomic, demographic, and health variables. Through these types of analyses we can gain a holistic view of the heat situation on the ground and how it has changed over time.


With increasing urbanization and rising temperatures, this topic will only become more important in the future. If you are interested in getting in on the action and learning how to map out the urban heat island in your city, join the Applied Remote Sensing Training (ARSET) program for a three-part online training beginning on November 10. During the first session of this training series you will learn how to estimate LST in Google Earth Engine using Earth observations from Landsat. You will also be presented with background information on urban heat islands (UHI) and have a chance to familiarize yourself with satellites and sensors that can be used to map them. The second session of this series will introduce you to UHI case studies and go over methods for integrating in situ observations with satellite imagery for select US cities. The third and final session will cover long term mitigation strategies and present a case study of UHI and land cover in Huntsville, Alabama.

Sessions include guest speakers from NASA, USGS, NOAA, and Portland State University. There is no cost to participants and no prior experience is required. For more information or to register, visit


NIHHIS Partners host heat-health workshop in Hermosillo, Mexico 19 May 2017

NIHHIS Partners host heat-health workshop in Hermosillo, Mexico

The Climate Program Office's Juli Trtanj will deliver an update on the National Integrated Heat Health Information System (NIHHIS)’s national and trans-boundary activities.  

New Case Study: Protecting People from Sweltering City Summers 16 May 2017

New Case Study: Protecting People from Sweltering City Summers

Climate models predict an increase in the frequency, severity, and length of heat waves in coming decades. Federal, state, and local agencies are working to provide more advanced warnings and services to help health care workers, social services providers, and the general public better prepare for and respond to extreme heat events.

CPO highlights 2016 milestones and achievements 16 May 2017

CPO highlights 2016 milestones and achievements

CPO is releasing its 2016 Annual Report, which gives an overview of FY16 achievements and highlights the great work done by CPO Divisions and Programs to advance scientific understanding of climate and improve society's ability to plan and respond.

Report: First Regional NIHHIS Rio Grande/Rio Bravo Workshop in El Paso, TX 28 February 2017

Report: First Regional NIHHIS Rio Grande/Rio Bravo Workshop in El Paso, TX

An executive summary of the National Integrated Heat Health Information System workshop in July, 2016 outlines outcomes and recommendations for different aspects of heat health resilience in the El Paso-Juárez-Las Cruces Region.

How are heat waves over Yangtze River valley associated with atmospheric quasi-biweekly oscillation? 21 February 2017

How are heat waves over Yangtze River valley associated with atmospheric quasi-biweekly oscillation?

A recently published study on mechanisms for predicting heat waves in China is an important contribution to the field of extreme heat, a well known public health issue for the entire globe.



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About Us

NIHHIS is an integrated information system that builds understanding of the problem of extreme heat, defines demand for climate services that enhance societal resilience, develops science-based products and services from a sustained climate science research program, and improves capacity, communication, and societal understanding of the problem in order to reduce morbidity and mortality due to extreme heat.  NIHHIS is a jointly developed system by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

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